Essential Oils.... Guide to uses, applications and what is not genuine.
Important information when buying essential oils from our website:... All our essential oils come to you packed as standard in HDPE plastic bottles when ordered in 30ml sizes and over. These bottles can distort over time when containing certain essential oils (citrus oils most commonly), although the quality of the essential oils is not affected. If you are concerned about this, we offer a Premium Packaging solution at a small additional cost whereby you'll receive them packed in Glass or Aluminium containers. The choice is yours!
Essential oils have several uses apart from as a cosmetic ingredient and two of these are... Perfumery and Aromatherapy. The following information is designed to be informative in both of these fields...
In Aromatherapy, essential oils have safety guidelines. Before using any essential oil theraputically, the following advice should be noted...
HAZARDOUS OILS. Some essential oils are considered hazardous due to their high toxicity levels or ability to cause severe dermal irritation. In this context, the following oils should be avoided. Bitter Almond: Arnica: Boldo: Broom: Bucha: Calamus: Camphor (brown/yellow): Cassia: Cinnamon (bark): Costus: Deertongue: Elecamane: Fennel (bitter): Horseradish: Jaborandi: Melilotus: Mugwort: Mustard: Oregano: Pennyroyal: Pine (dwarf): Fue: Sage (common): Santolina: Sassafras: Savine: Savory: Tansy: Thuja: Thyme (red): Tonka: Wintergreen: Wormseed: Wormwood.
TOXIC OIL. Some oils should only be used in moderation, i.e. only in dilution and only for a short time, because of their moderate toxicity levels. In this context the following oils should be used with adequate caution. Ajowan: Anise (star): Aniseed: Basil (exotic): Bay Laurel: Bay (west indian): Calamintha: Camphor (white): Cascarrilla bark: Cassie: Cedarwood (virginian): Cinnamon (leaf): Clove (bud): Coriander: Fennel (sweet): Hops: Hyssop: Nutmeg: Parsely: Pepper (black): Sage (spanish): Tagetes: Tarragon: Thyme (white): Tuberose: Turmeric: Turpentine: Valerian.
SENSITISATION. For some people, especially those with sensitive skin, even if using only as a perfume, the following oils may cause an allergic reaction. It is wise to 'patch test' these oils before using them. Basil (french): Bay Laurel: Benzoin: Cade: Cananga: Cedarwood (virginian): Chamomile (Roman & German): Citronella: Garlic: Ginger: Hops: Jasmin: Lemon: Lemon Balm: Litsea Cubeba: Lovage: Mastic: Mint: Orange: Peru Balsam: Pine (scotch & longleaf): Styrax: Verbena: Violet: Yarrow: Ylang Ylang.
DERMAL SKIN IRRITATION. The following oils MAY irritate the skin, especially if used in high concentrations. Ajowan: Allspice: Aniseed: Basil (sweet): Black Pepper: Borneol: Cajeput: Caraway: Cerdarwood (virginian): Cinnamon (leaf): Clove (bud): Cornmint: Garlic: Ginger: Lemon: Parsley: Peppermint: Pine Needle: Thyme (white): Turmeric.
PHOTOTOXICITY. Some oils are phototoxic, i.e. they can cause skin pigmentation changes if exposed to direct sunlight. For this reason, the following oils should not be used even in dilution on the skin where the area might be exposed to sunlight. Anjelica (root): Bergamot (except begapten-free variety): Cumin: Ginger: Lemon: Lime: Lovage: Mandarin: Orange: Verbena.
PREGNANCY. The following oils should be avoided altogether during pregnancy. Ajowan: Angelica: Anise (star): Aniseed: Basil: Bay Laurel: Calamintha: Cedarwood (all): Celery Seed: Cinnamon (leaf): Citronella: Clove: Cumin: Fennel (sweet): Hyssop: Labdanum: Lovage: Marjoram: Myrrh: Nutmeg: Parsley: Snakeroot: Sage (spanish): Tarragon: Thyme (white). The following oils should be avoided during the first four months of pregnancy. Peppermint: Rose: Rosemary.
THE FOLLOWING GUIDE GIVES A SELECTION OF COMMON ESSENTIAL OILS AND THEIR THERAPUTIC USES.
|Oil Type||Brief description of applications and uses|
|Basil||Chest infections, Digestive problems, Fever, Tired & Aching muscles, Gum & Mouth infections, Mental fatique, Jaundice, Head cold.|
|Benzoin||Cold, Flu, Sore throat, Stimulates circulation, Cracked hands, Warming & Soothing, Depresion, Anxiety, Sadness, Urine flow.|
|Bergamot||Cystitis, Vaginal itching, Tension, Anxiety, Depression, Fever, Insect repellant, Digestive problems, Cold sores, Shingles, Blisters.|
|Black Pepper||Muscle aches & pains, Poor circulation, Chillblains, Sprains, Constipation, Colic, Colds, Flu, Infections, Catarrh, Heartburn, Nausea.|
|Cajeput||Colds, Respiritory infections, Mucua build-up, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Sore & aching muscles, Oily skin, Spots, Insect bites, Viral infections.|
|Carrot Seed||Jaundice, Liver disorders, Eczema, Wrinkled skin, Burns, Dry & mature skin conditions.|
|Cedarwood||Bronchial infections, Urinary infections, Cystitis, Vaginal infections, Catarrh, Acne, Aphrodisiac, Stimulant, Tonic.|
|Chamomile||Boils, Abscesses, Digestive system, Tension, Stress, Anxiety, Diarrhoea, Cistitis, PMT, Sprains, Arthritis, Dry, red & sore skin.|
|Cinnamon||Digestive problems, Stomach cramps, Menstrual cramps, Aphrodisiac, Aches & chills of flu, Concalescence, Joint pain.|
|Clary Sage||Stress, Tension, Relaxing, Asthma, Migrain, Convalescence, Digestive cramps, Excess sweating, Sexual tension, Hiccoughs.|
|Clove Bud||Toothache, Scabies, Ulcers, Wounds, Acne, Athlete's foot, Bruises, Burns, Insect repellent, Cuts, Diarrhoea, Bronchitis.|
|Cypress||Piles, Oily skin, Excess perspiration, Insect repellent, Bleeding gums, Wounds, Varicose veins, Asthma, Menopause, Stress.|
|Eucalyptus||Colds, Catarrh, Infectious illness, Burns, Shingles, Muscular aches & pains, Rheumatism, Cold sores, Insect repellent.|
|Fennel||Gout, Arthritis, Alcohol poisoning, Nausea, Flatulence, Indigestion, Hiccoughs, Cellulitis, Menstrual cycle, Gum infections.|
|Frankincense||Coughs, Bronchial catarrh, Asthma, Older skin, Wrinkles, Heavy periods, Emotionally calming, Anxiety, Bereavement.|
|Geranium||Dry & oily skin, Menopause, PMT, Fluid retention, Cellulitis, Tonic, Jaundice, Sore throat, Ulcers, Skin allergies.|
|Ginger||Rheumatism, Arthritis, Muscular pain, Fatigue, Colds, Flu, Diarrhoea, Catarrh, Morning sickness, Travel sickness.|
|Grapefruit||Fluid retention, Cellulite, Getting rid of toxins, Oily skin, Acne, Fluid retention, Depression, Muscular aces & pains.|
|Jasmin||Menstrual pain, labour pain, Post-natal depression, Prostate trouble , Sexual problems, Aphrodisiac, Sensitive skin, Lethargy.|
|Juniper||Urine retention, Cystitis, Detoxification, Prostate trouble, Irregular periods, Acne, Convalescence, Appetite stimulant, Fleas on animals.|
|Lavender||Colds, Coughs, Flu, Headache, Insomnia, Catarrh, Muscular pain, Rheumatism, Arthritis, menstrual pain, Skin conditions.|
|Lemon||Reducing temperature, Bronchitis, Flu, Hlps stop bleeding, Gum tonic, Gout, Rheumatism, Digestive tonic, Dull skin.|
|Lemongrass||Headaches, Tired & sweaty feet, Acne, Athletes foot, Perspiration, Poor circulation, Nervous exhaustion, Stress, Insect repellent.|
|Lime||Acne, Anaemia, Brittle nails, Chillblains, Greasy skin, Spots, Varicose veins, Throat infections, Catarrh, Warts, Insect bites.|
|Litsea Cubeba||Oily skin, Congested skin, Spots, Acne, Flatulence, Indigestion, High blood pressure, Nervous tension, Stress, Insect repellent.|
|Mandarin||Acne, Oily & congested skin, Spots, Scars, Stretch marks, Fluid retention, Obesity, Insomnia, nervous tension, Hiccoughs.|
|Manuka||Colds, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Sore throat, Spots, Cuts, Boils, Acne, Oily skin, Insect bites, Fleas on animals, Muscular pain, Allergic rashes.|
|Marjoram||Chest infections, Asthma, Chilblains, Bruises, Arthritis, Lumbago Muscular aches, Colic, Constipation, PMS, Headache, Insomnia.|
|Melissa||Allergies, Insect bites, Eczma, Asthma, Bronchitis, Coughs, Colic, Indigestion, Nausea, Menstrual problems, Anxiety, Shock.|
|Myrrh||Chapped skin, Athletes foot, Eczma, mature complexions, Wrinkles, Wounds, Gum infections, Chest problems, Thrush, Colds.|
|Neroli||Scars, Stretch marks, Thread veins, Wrinkles, Palpitations, Poor circulation, Spasm, Colic, Flatulence, Anxiety, PMT, Stress, Shock.|
|Niaouli||Cystitis, Urinary infection, Minor wounds, Burns, Cuts, Boils, Acne, Chest infections.|
|Nutmeg||Bacterial infection, Impotence, Neuralgia, Nervous fatigue, Flatulence, Nausea, Arthritis, Gout, Sluggish digestion.|
|Orange||Helps in winter months, Gum infections, Mouth ulcers, Dull & oily skin, Water retention, Chills, Flu, Obesity, Palpitations.|
|Palmarosa||Acne, Skin infections, Wrinkles, Skin moisturiser, Anorexia, Nervous conditions, Cell regeneration, Stress.|
|Patchouli||Athletes foot, Acne, Dandruff, Dermatitis, Eczma, Oily skin, Sores, Wounds, Wrinkles, Frigidity, Nervous exhaustion, Stress.|
|Peppermint||Ringworm, Scabies, Toothache, Dermatitis, Muscular pain, Palpitations, Catarrh, Head colds, Fainting, Headache, Mental fatigue.|
|Petitgrain||Acne, Excessive perspiration, Greasy skin & hair, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Convalescence, Insomnia, Stress, Nervous conditions.|
|Pine||Cuts, Excessive perspiration, Scabies, Lice, Arthritis, Aches & pains, Asthma, Poor circulation, Sore throat, Sinusitis, Stress, Colds.|
|Rose||Broken capillaries, Dry & sensitive skin, Wrinkles, Poor circulation, Asthma, Hay fever, Liver congestion, Impotence, Stress, Nausea.|
|Rosemary||Dandruff, Greasy hair, Brain stimulant, Cold, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Cholesterol, Tonic for heart, liver & gallbladder, Stiff muscles, Gout.|
|Rosewood||Cell regeneration, Depression, Stress, Bereavement, Frigidity, Aphrodisiac, Chronic fatigue, Glandular fever, Skin problems, Wounds.|
|Sage||Overworked muscles, Sport injuries, Mouth infections. WARNING... TAKE CARE WITH THIS OIL.|
|Sandalwood||Dry & cracked skin, greasy & chapped skin, Catarrh, Coughs, Nausea, Cystitis, Depression, Insomnia, Stress, Diarrhoea, Bronchitis.|
|Spearmint||Congested skin, Acne, Dermatitis, Asthma, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Nausea, Sickness, Cold, Fever, Headache, Fatigue, Strain, Stress.|
|Tea Tree||Abscess, Acne, Athlete's foot, Cold sores, Dandruff, Herpes, Insect bites, Asthma, Catarrh, Thrush, Chicken pox, Flu, Fever, Veruccae.|
|Thyme||Absdess, Acne, Burns, Oily skin, Gum infections, Arthritis, Gout, Muscle pain, Sore throat, Cold, Chills, Insomnia, Headaches, Stress.|
|Vanilla||Sensual aphrodisiac, Tension, Menstrual problems.|
|Verbena||Digestive problems especially related to stress, Hangover, Insomnia, Anxiety, Stress, Tonic for nervous system, Liver congestion.|
|Vetivert||Acne, Cuts, Oily skin, Wounds, Muscular aches, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Stiffness, Depression, Insomnia, Nervous tension, Stress.|
|Ylang Ylang||Cramp, Constipation, Haemorrhoids, Indigestion, Hypertension, Varicose veins, Inflammation, Scars, Rashes, Thrombosis.|
Essential oils have different methods of use, typically Baths, Inhalation, Compresses or Massage. An important property of essential oils is their ability to stimulate the emotions and this is especially powerful through inhalation, where particular aromas will stimulate areas of the brain, particularly (1) the Thalmus (responsible for perception and memories) and (2) the Hypothalamic Region (activates smell-related emotion and behaviour). As well as the effects that essential oils have in aromatherapy, their aromatic properties have long been used in Perfumery and the blending of essential oils to achieve pleasant and stimulating aromas has become a huge industry. Many of us like to use our own blends of essential oils to naturally scent our products and to avoid any 'chemicals' that may be present in commercially produced fragrances. As a broad guide, here are some useful suggestions...
ESSENTIAL OILS IN PERFUMERY.
Popular essential oils are often divided into 'Notes'. Below are some commonly used varieties...
|Juniper Berry||Mimosa||Coriander||Black Currant||Grapefruit|
|Ylang Ylang||Juniper berry||Cherry||Lime|